• Provenza Baker Ranch Model Home Museum Collection

    Installation Guidelines

    For Provenza Hardwood Flooring

Installation

INSTALLATION CONSTITUTES ACCEPTANCE of the hardwood flooring product and assures that all pre-installation requirements outlined here have been satisfied.

Installation is the responsibility of the Owner/Purchaser & Installer. Only an experienced, certified hardwood floor installer should perform your Provenza hardwood floor installation. NWFA Certified Hardwood flooring installers normally provide a period of warranty of their installation work. Installation related failures are not covered by the manufacturer warranty.

For best results, Provenza recommends that its hardwood flooring is installed by a National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA) Certified Professional: nwfa.org

Preparing for Installation

For aesthetic purposes, hardwood flooring is often laid to the longest wall. However, the Owner/Purchaser, in consultation with the Installer should make the final decision which direction the planks will run before proceeding to installation.

Provenza also recommends staggering plank end joints during installation to achieve an overall random appearance, but, other patterns can be employed if so desired by the Owner/Purchaser and is the responsibility of the Installer.

IMPORTANT! The Installer should blend planks from different cartons to ensure an aesthetically pleasing color and shade mixture throughout the installation area.

Starting Installation

The tools generally needed for installation are: Handsaw or power saw, hammer, crowbar or pull bar, tape measure, pencil, chalk line, wood or plastic spacers, tapping block, carpenters square, adhesive trowel and a quality adhesive approved for hardwood flooring.

Installation should begin next to an outside wall, as it is usually the straightest wall and used as a reference point in establishing a straight working line. A good way to establish a working line is to measure an equal distance from the wall at both ends and snapping a chalk line.

Undercut or notch-out door casings to fit flooring thickness by placing a piece of flooring on the subfloor as a height guide for sawing. Remove door thresholds and base moldings and replace after flooring installation. Always leave at least 1/2" expansion space between flooring and all walls and vertical objects.

Measure the distance from the wall at the width of the plank plus another 1/2" for an expansion space when establishing your working line. It is advisable to dry lay a few rows before proceeding installation to confirm your directional layout decision and working line. Adjustment of the working line may be necessary if the outside wall or other working line reference is out of square. This can be done by scribe cutting the first row of planks to match the wall, creating a straight working line.

IMPORTANT! Adhesive/glue that comes in contact with the surface of oil finished floors will damage the finish. The use of adhesive/glue removal products on oil finish floors, including but not limited to, acetone and paint thinner, will damage the finish. Provenza Floors®, Inc. will not be liable for damages that are the result of a failure to prevent adhesive/glue exposure or the use adhesive/glue removal products.

Installation Methods

Glue Down Installation

All required pre-installation testing and preparation must be completed before proceeding. If moisture problems were detected during the pre-installation phase, a moisture barrier should be in place.

Acceptable Subfloors

  • CDX Plywood
  • Concrete – With a minimum compressive strength of 3000 PSI

Adhesive Requirements

Only a moisture cured polyurethane adhesive approved for hardwood floor installation is acceptable. The use of a cheaper flooring adhesive or other brands of glue not approved for use with hardwood flooring will lead to flooring failure and void the manufacturer warranty.

Follow the instructions for the hardwood flooring adhesive carefully.

  • Allow for adequate cross ventilation when working with flooring adhesive.
  • Allow proper set time before affixing the hardwood floor planks.
  • Use the adhesive manufacturer recommended spreading trowel.
  • Spread adhesive per the flooring adhesive instructions.

Using a trowel held at a 45° angle, spread hardwood flooring adhesive as recommended by the adhesive manufacturer, starting at the outside wall.

Once adhesive has set, lay the first row of flooring with the groove facing the wall. Use a hammer and tapping block to tap against the tongue side to pull planks together. When near a wall, use a crow or pull bar to close end joints.

Never tap against the groove side or the end joints of the plank as doing so will damage the flooring finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

IMPORTANT! Adhesive/masking tape applied directly to hardwood floor surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

Use wood wedges at walls to maintain the required 1/2" expansion space from the hardwood flooring plank.

To ensure that plank end joints are not too close to each other in adjacent rows, it is best to rack out 3 to 4 rows as installation proceeds. Allow a minimum of 10" to 12" between end joints in adjacent rows.

When the first section is completed, continue by repeating the process, checking plank alignment with the working line, section by section until installation is complete.

Be careful not to shift the installed floor on the wet adhesive. If needed, weights can be used to hold flooring planks in place at the perimeter until the adhesive cures.

As each plank is laid, check for and remove excess flooring adhesive or spills immediately. Failure to remove excess flooring adhesive or spills from the flooring surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

When wiping up excess T&G glue or spills, use a dry or damp soft cloth. Do not use paint thinner or harsh adhesive-removing chemicals on the hardwood flooring surface as doing so will damage the finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

As installation proceeds, cut the last plank in each row allowing for the required 1/2" expansion space. Use a crow or pull bar to install the last plank ensuring a tight fit.

Leave the 1/2" expansion wedges in place until the flooring adhesive is fully dry.

Do not allow foot traffic for at least 8 hours and allow a minimum of 24 hours before heavy furniture is moved onto the hardwood flooring.

Finishing the Job

Remove the 1/2" expansion spacers from the perimeter. Install or reinstall base and/or quarter round moldings to cover the expansion space. Install transition pieces such as reducer strips and T-moldings as needed.

Clean and remove all dirt and debris from your new floor by dry dust mopping. Follow “Floor Care and Maintenance” instructions to ensure the longevity and lasting beauty of your new Provenza® Hardwood Floor.

Staple or Nail Installation

All required pre-installation testing and preparation must be completed before proceeding. If moisture problems were detected during the pre-installation phase, a moisture barrier should be in place.

Acceptable Subfloor Type

  • A minimum of 5/8" CDX Plywood

Underlayment Recommendation

  • Felt

Staple or nail installation may be successful over existing vinyl provided:

  • That the subfloor is properly attached to the joists and in good condition.
  • That the subfloor is not particleboard or OSB or Particleboard.
  • That the staple or nail penetration is not significantly lessened due to thickness of existing vinyl.

The recommended length for the staple or nail is 1 1/2" with a spacing of 4" – 6" along the length of the plank and 1" from each end.

Use wood wedges at walls or obstructions to maintain the required 1/2" expansion space from the hardwood flooring plank.

Staple or nail the first row of flooring with the groove facing the starting wall stapling or nailing in 4 to 6-inch spacing increments. Using a quality T&G glue product, glue the joint ends of each plank for added strength, and then, use a tapping block to ensure a tight bond between planks.

As each plank is stapled or nailed, check for and remove excess T&G glue or spills immediately. Failure to remove excess T&G glue or spills from the flooring surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

IMPORTANT! Any plank damaged by the process of stapling or nailing, should be pulled up and replaced with a new plank before proceeding. Flooring damaged during the staple or nail installation process is not covered by the manufacturer warranty.

To ensure that plank end joints are not too close to each other in adjacent rows, it is best to rack out 3 to 4 rows as installation proceeds. Allow a minimum of 10" to 12" between end joints in adjacent rows.

When the first section is completed, continue by repeating the process, checking plank alignment with the working line, section by section until installation is complete.

When wiping up excess T&G glue or spills, use a dry or slightly damp soft cloth. Do not use paint thinner or harsh adhesive-removing chemicals on the hardwood flooring surface as doing so will damage the finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

As installation proceeds, cut the last plank in each row allowing for the required 1/2" expansion space. Use a crow or pull bar to install the last plank ensuring a tight fit.

IMPORTANT! Adhesive/masking tape applied directly to hardwood floor surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

Finishing the Job

Remove the 1/2" expansion spacers from the perimeter. Install or reinstall base and/or quarter round moldings to cover the expansion space. Install transition pieces such as reducer strips and T-moldings as needed.

Clean and remove all dirt and debris from your new floor by dry dust mopping. Follow “Floor Care and Maintenance” instructions to ensure the longevity and lasting beauty of your new Provenza® Hardwood Floor.

Floating Installation

All required pre-installation testing and preparation must be completed before proceeding. If moisture problems were detected during the pre-installation phase, a moisture barrier should be in place.

Acceptable Subfloors

  • CDX Plywood
  • Concrete – With a minimum compressive strength of 3000 PSI
  • OSB/Particleboard – Must be structurally sound

Underlayment Recommendations

  • Rubber
  • Cork

Begin laying the first row of flooring with the groove side facing the starting wall.

Use a hammer and tapping block to tap against the tongue side to pull planks together to ensure a tight fit. When near a wall, use a crow or pull bar to close end joints.

Never tap against the groove side or the end joints of the plank as doing so will damage the flooring finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

Use wood wedges at walls or obstructions to maintain the required 1/2" expansion space from the hardwood flooring plank.

To ensure that plank end joints are not too close to each other in adjacent rows, it is best to rack out 3 to 4 rows as installation proceeds. Allow a minimum of 10" to 12" between end joints in adjacent rows.

Apply a quality T&G glue in the top portion of the groove along the side and end joints of each plank to ensure a strong bond between them.

As each plank is installed, check for and remove excess T&G glue or spills immediately. Failure to remove excess T&G glue or spills from the flooring surface will damage the flooring finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

When wiping up excess T&G glue or spills, use a dry or damp soft cloth. Do not use paint thinner or harsh adhesive-removing chemicals on the hardwood flooring surface as doing so will damage the finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

As installation proceeds, cut the last plank in each row allowing for the required 1/2" expansion space. Use a crow or pull bar to install the last plank ensuring a tight fit.

IMPORTANT! Adhesive/masking tape applied directly to hardwood floor surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

Leave expansion space wedges in place for a minimum of 8 hours to allow the T&G glue to fully dry.

Do not allow foot traffic for a minimum of 8 hours and allow a minimum of 24 hours before heavy furniture is moved onto the hardwood flooring.

Finishing the Job

Remove the 1/2" expansion spacers from the perimeter. Install or reinstall base and/or quarter round moldings to cover the expansion space. Install transition pieces such as reducer strips and T-moldings as needed.

Clean and remove all dirt and debris from your new floor by dry dust mopping. Follow “Floor Care and Maintenance” instructions to ensure the longevity and lasting beauty of your new Provenza® Hardwood Floor.

Installation Over Radiant Heat

All required pre-installation testing and preparation must be completed before proceeding. If moisture problems were detected during the pre-installation phase, an approved moisture barrier must be in place.

Flooring failures due to improperly installed hydronic radiant heat systems are not covered by the Provenza manufacturer warranty.

It is the Owner/Purchaser & Installer’s responsibility to ensure that the hydronic radiant heat system is installed per the radiant heat manufacturer instructions and operating properly before proceeding to the hardwood floor installation.

Approved Provenza Hardwood Flooring

  • Engineered oak products only

Approved Radiant Heat Type

  • Hydronic radiant heat systems only

Installation Method

  • Floating installation method only

Acceptable Subfloors

  • CDX Plywood
  • Concrete – With a minimum compressive strength of 3000 PSI

Underlayment Recommendation

  • Cork

Approved Hydronic Radiant Subfloor Systems

  • Aluminum Hangers
  • Channel Aluminum Board
  • Sleeper Systems
  • Lightweight Thermal Mass Concrete with min 3000 PSI compressive strength
  • 1 1/8" T&G Warmboard

Heating Control Requirements

Radiant heat installations must have a heat control system that helps maintain a constant baseline temperature and prevents overheating. Radiant heat temperatures that exceed 85 degrees will damage the hardwood flooring and void the manufacturer warranty.

Provenza requires that an exterior thermostat be installed and working at all times. Unlike conventional heating systems which switch on as needed, radiant systems work most effectively with hardwood flooring if the heating process is gradual with small, incremental increases in relation to outside temperature.

Radiant Heating System Acclimation Process

The hydronic radiant heating system must be operational and heated for at least 7 days prior to the installation of Provenza engineered oak flooring. Use an incremental control strategy that brings the subfloor through temperature changes gradually.

This incremental strategy should include being turned on at least 3 days prior to installation at a temperature of 70 degrees; then, raised to 85 degrees for a period of 3 more days. The installation site should be aired out every day to allow excess humidity to exit the structure.

Once the radiant heat acclimation process is complete and the flooring is ready to be installed, turn off the radiant heat system to let the subfloor cool down to room temperature for 3 to 4 hours.

Preparing for Installation

Before installation begins, it is the Owner/Purchaser & Installer’s responsibility to ensure that the radiant heating system is functioning properly and is not on the same circuit for other floor covering types (that may allow higher temperatures). Failure to do so will cause excessive heat damage and shrinkage in the hardwood flooring and void the manufacturer warranty.

Radiant heating systems create a dry heat that can lower interior humidity levels. Provenza recommends adding a separate humidifier to the HVAC system to maintain the required indoor humidity levels of 35%-55%.

Installer should test the hydronic heating system and check that all radiant heat requirements have been met before proceeding to installation:

  • Hydronic Radiant Heat System
  • Engineered Oak Product
  • Floating Installation Method
  • Exterior Thermostat Installed
  • Sensor Attached to Heating Unit
  • Radiant Heat Acclimation Completed
  • Separate HVAC Humidifier
  • Radiant Heat System Working Properly

Starting Installation

Begin laying the first row of flooring with the groove side facing the starting wall.

Use wood wedges at walls or obstructions to maintain the required 1/2" expansion space from the hardwood flooring plank.

Use a hammer and tapping block to tap against the tongue side to pull planks together to ensure a tight fit. When near a wall, use a crow or pull bar to close end joints.

Never tap against the groove side or the end joints of the plank as doing so will damage the flooring finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

To ensure that plank end joints are not too close to each other in adjacent rows, it is best to rack out 3 to 4 rows as installation proceeds. Allow a minimum of 10" to 12" between end joints in adjacent rows.

Apply a quality T&G glue in the top portion of the groove along the side and end joints of each plank to ensure a strong bond between them.

As each plank is installed, check for and remove excess T&G glue or other spills immediately. Failure to remove excess T&G glue or spills from the flooring surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

When wiping up excess T&G glue or spills, use a dry or damp soft cloth. Do not use paint thinner or harsh adhesive-removing chemicals on the hardwood flooring surface as doing so will damage the finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

As installation proceeds, cut the last plank in each row allowing for the required 1/2" expansion space. Use a crow or pull bar to install the last plank ensuring a tight fit.

IMPORTANT! Adhesive/masking tape applied directly to hardwood floor surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

Once installation is complete, turn the radiant heating system on immediately to achieve further acclimation of the flooring to the installation site.

Leave expansion space wedges in place for a minimum of 8 hours to allow the T&G glue to fully dry.

Do not allow foot traffic for a minimum of 8 hours and allow a minimum of 24 hours before heavy furniture is moved onto the hardwood flooring.

Finishing the Job

Remove the 1/2" expansion spacers from the perimeter. Install or reinstall base and/or quarter round moldings to cover the expansion space. Install transition pieces such as reducer strips and T-moldings as needed.

Clean and remove all dirt and debris from your new floor by dry dust mopping. Follow “Floor Care and Maintenance” instructions to ensure the longevity and lasting beauty of your new Provenza® Hardwood Floor.


Protection During Construction or Remodeling

If your hardwood flooring is installed while other trades are working at the jobsite, or afterwards, when doing any kind of remodeling or wall painting, it should be completely covered by a clean, dry, plain uncoated cardboard or heavy bond paper product.

IMPORTANT! Do not cover Provenza hardwood floors with plastic, red rosin, felt, wax paper or previously used cardboard. Damage to the factory finish caused by the use of improper floor covering materials will void the manufacturer warranty.

Before covering the hardwood flooring, it should be cleaned to remove grit, dust and other abrasive debris and thoroughly dry.

Do not use a wet cloth or wet mopping to remove drywall dust as doing so will create a pasty residue that will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.

When covering the hardwood flooring area, the proper covering material should be overlapped 4 inches to the adjoining paper, secured with masking tape applied to the covering material only and then secured at perimeter walls or baseboards to prevent the covering from moving or shifting, and ensure that the tape itself, construction debris, dry wall dust and/or wet paint does not penetrate to the flooring below.

IMPORTANT! Adhesive/masking tape applied directly to hardwood floor surface will damage the factory finish and void the manufacturer warranty.


Go to Floor Care & Maintenance Guidelines